1st Year Bac Lessons Ticket to English 2022 (2024)

UNIT 1: EDUCATION

Reading Do Girls Do Better Than Boys at School p 10

2.
For this exercise, there are many possibilities for sentences that summarize the idea of the paragraph but nevertheless, we will try to find the most general sentence that best summarizes the ideas in the text.

Paragraph 1: Something was going wrong for girls, anyway.
(This sentence summarizes best the idea of the paragraph which talks about the obstacles that cause girls to perform less than boys in school and that sentence summarizes the debate's title in the paragraph which is about why girls do better than boys in people's minds before the statistics were conducted.)

Paragraph 2: In fact, these days, 57% of university students are women.
(This sentence is very general because it is comprehensive of the paragraph's topic which is about the girls' performance in universities.)

Paragraph 3: Younger boys and girls also show differences in academic performance, in one direction: girls do better.
(This sentence is also general in the sense that it talks about how girls perform differently than boys in school.)

3.
a. True. (... teachers and parents had lower expectations of girls' mathematics and science ability and didn't encourage girls as much.)

b. False. (I went to university.. most .. mathematics students were women. / I went to a statistics school.. it was mostly women / these days 57% of university students are women, and most bachelor's degrees being awarded nationwide go to women.)

c. True. (In 4th, 8th and 12th grades, girls score higher in writing and reading than do boys.)

4.
a. ... because girls participated less than boys in class.
b. ... because of gender stereotypes to be more attractive to boys.
c. Women (most bachelor's degrees being awarded nationwide go to women.)
d. It could be in Morocco because we noticed how more women make get degrees and pass exams for employment as seen in the recent Teacher Entry Exam in which more women passed.
-------------
Vocabulary Education p 12

1.
1. graduate / 2. learn / 3. study / 4. fail / 5. pass / 6. discuss / 7. share

2.
At the end of the year, Leila will GRADUATE from high school, and get her DEGREE in plastic arts. ... she is thinking of going ABROAD to carry on her higher studies, and be able to conduct more RESEARCH because there are big libraries ... she will try to get a SCHOLARSHIP to cover her expenses.

3.
a. The time between lessons: break
b. A table that shows when lessons begin and end: timetable
c. The place where students play during recreation time: courtyard
d. A set of sheets of paper on which you copy your lessons: notebook, copybook
e. A small bag for your pens: pencil case.
f. The room where students conduct scientific experiments: laboratory

--------------
Communication Expressing Opinion / Agreeing, Disagreeing p 14

2.
Expressing Opinion:
- He thinks they will do better in single-sex schools
- His wife thinks that co-educational schools are a more natural environment for them.
- It seems to me that single-sex schools are better because students focus more according to some statistics.

Agreeing:
- Well, that's quite true.
- I agree with you.
- You're right!
- You have a point there!
- I share the same view.

Disagreeing:
- I don't think that's the case.
- I disagree with you on that point.
- I'm sorry to say this, but I think that...

3.
a.
A: In my opinion, the easiest subject is English, the most difficult subject is Math and the best subject is English.
b. I think that studying in the afternoon is better.
c. As far as I'm concerned, think that male teachers are friendlier but some female teachers are frienly too.
d. I believe that single-sex school are better because according to statistics, there is more focus on learning than impressing one another.

-------------------------
Grammar Simple Past p 15

a.
1. She got up at seven o'clock.
2. She had a big breakfast.
3. She walked to work.
4. It took her about half an hour to get to work.
5. She started work at a quarter to nine.
6. She didn't have lunch.
7. She finished work at five o'clock.
8. She was tired when she got home.
9. She cooked a meal yesterday evening.
10. She didn't go out yesterday evening.
11. She went to bed at eleven o'clock.
12. She slept well last night.

b.
1.
Regular Verbs: walk - start - finish - cook
Irregular Verbs: get up - have - take - be - go - sleep
2.
b. Did you go alone?
c. How long did you stay?
d. How did you travel?
e. Did you enjoy yourself?
f. Was the weather fine?
g. Did you stay at a hotel?
h. Was the food good?

3.
a. Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays and poems.
b. How did you learn to drive? My husband taught me.
c. We sold our old car, and got a new one.
d. As I was very thirsty, I drank the water quickly.
e, Omar threw the ball to Najat, and she caught IT with both hands.
f. Amine spent a lot of money yesterday. He bought a pair of jeans which cost 120.

4.
the 'a' family: drink-drank / swim-swam / run-ran / ring-rang / sit-sat
the 'ew' family: fly-flew / know-knew / throw-threw / blow-blew
the 'o' family: speak-spoke / write-wrote / drive-drove / get-got / break-broke
the 't' family: feel-felt / sleep-slept / keep-kept / leave-left / send-sent / spend-spent
the 'ght' family: buy-bought / teach-taught / think-thought / bring/brought / catch-caught
the 'no change' family: cost-cost / let-let / set-set / burst-burst / cut-cut

---------------------
Grammar Reflexive Pronouns p 16

1.
1. Anas did his homework by himself.
a. No one helped Anas with his homework.

2. I have to see your mother herself.
b. I insist on seeng your mother not your father.

3. I myself make my bed everyday.
a. I always make my bed alone.

4. Students must rely on themselves.
b. They mustn't cheat from other students.

2.
Singular
I -> myself
you -> yourself
he - himself
she -> herself
it - itself

Plural
we -> ourselves
you -> yourselves
they -> themselves

3.
a. Tom only thinks of himself.
b. Hind looked at herself in the mirror.
c. I've hurt myself with a knife.
d. Mary went there by herself.
e. The door opened by itself.
f. Abdelhamid solved the problem himself.
g. We ourselves conducted the research.
h. The kids stayed at home all by themselves.

----------------
Writing Writing an email p 17

1. School Questionnaire:
Answer to an e-mail:
To: meryem.naciri@gmail.com

Subject: Answer to a questionnaire

Dear friend,
I hope everything is fine with you. I will be happy to answer the questionnaire.
Regarding the questions, each paragraph will answer a question.
I have been in this school now for over a year.
I like that it has an English teacher who encourages students to learn the language by motivating them through posters that carry great values such as Michael Jackson God rest his soul who defended Muslim values and at the same time talks about social issues with spiritual songs.
What I don't like about the school is that it doesn't have a library.
I often do my homework at hime and even outside while waiting at a doctor's office.
We have approximately 50 teachers.
As far as some of the school rules are concerned, we are not allowed to chew gum, wear hats and videotape without the teacher or the administration's approval.
We are only allowed to use mobile phones for educational purposes in class after getting the teacher's consent.
Yes, there is but it is not well-equipped and needs more data-show and sound equipment.
I have already answered that question. Students need a library to study there if a teacher is about and find educational books.
We have a maximum of 4 subjects per day.
I hope this email answers your questions.
Please write back,
With my best wishes,
Maryam Ennassiri.

2. Writing a Postcard p 17
(In this unit, the main activity we were supposed to focus on according to the table of contents was writing a postcard. We were surprised to find another question asking us to answer an email. Later on, we discover that the first exercise is related to the second exercise in which they will be writing a postcard using the answers in the email.

Therefore the answer to that exercise is the same as the first exercise except that at the beginning of the email we will delete the following

to: ahmed.moutawakkil@gmail.com
Subject: Answer to a school questionnaire.

before the last paragraph "I hope this email answers your questions."
We have a maximum of 4 subject per day.
[we replace "I hope this email..." with "I hope this postcard answers your questions"]
Then.
Please write back.

Al Kindi High School.
With my best wishes,

Maryam Ennassiri.

---------------
UNIT 2: SOCIETY

Reading Homeless Children Find Shelter in "BAYTI" p 23

The association is called "BAYTI" because it is a new "home" for children of divorce, domestic violence, poverty and many other sorts of social problems.

1.
Paragraph 1: there are thousands of children who live most of their time in streets.
Paragraph 2: Bayti has worked with these children ...
Paragraph 3: More than 4970 children have benefited from the association's various workshops and/or services.

2.
a. Bayti helps street children, child labourers, abandoned children, juvenile delinquents...
b. It offers them help, education and shelter.
c. It's can offer 100 beds
d. The text doesn't provide information about the founder nor the year word when it was founded.

3.
a. Bayti has helped a total of 4970 children.
b. 15 children got a job and 50 are trained for other jobs.
c. 250 children returned to their homes.

4.
non-profit: volunteer
workshop: training
childhood:. the period of being a child

----------
Vocabulary Society p 25

2.
hospitality: ability to welcome people offering them food and shelter.
Adolescence: period of life from 13 to 18 years old.
to socialize: spend time with others in a friendly way.
homeless: without a home/shelter.
autonomy: independence
generation gap: the difference in ideas and behavior between older and younger people.
divorce: separation of husband and wife.
jobless: without an occupation.
joyriding: to drive a car for blazer at high speed.
tolerance: the capacity of respecting the opinions, religion, or behavior of others.

3.
a. One way of being integrated into society is to socialize with other members and live in peace.
b. Most problems between parents and children are due to the generation gap that exists between them. That's why they usually complain about each other.
c. Joyriding has become more popular, especially among adolescents. It is a dangerous sports in caused many accidents.
d. It is a shared responsibility to take care of the handicapped; these are disabled people who find it difficult to do ordinary daily tasks.
e. Another group of people needs our help; they are the homeless. They live in streets and struggle to find shelter to protect them from cold and heat.

--------
Communication Expressing Complaints p. 27

4.
a. I'm sorry to say this but you forgot to bring me back my book.
b. I'm afraid I have a complaint about the CD player. It didn't work.
c. I'm sorry to have to say this but the food was bad.
d. Don't get me wrong, but you are making a lot of noise.
e. I'm sorry to have to say this, but you came late to a very important meeting.
f. Don't get me wrong, but I'm trying to do my homework and the music is a little bit too loud.

------------
Grammar Articles a/an/the/zero article p. 28

2.
The sentences here show that we are talking about something general and there aren't other options.
Here it's called "zero article" and we use it also to talk about countries, cities, names of months, planets...
4.
We use a/an when we are talking about something that is not familiar and new.
We use "the" to talk something that is familiar, there is only one like the sun, the moon, for some countries such as The United States, The Philippines, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, The United Kingdom....
In the sentence in exercise 3, the boy and the girl were not familiar, but in the second sentence, they become familiar.

We use a before a unfamiliar new noun that begins with a consonant (a banana, a book) and we use an before an unfamiliar new noun that starts with a vowel (an orange, an apple).
There are some exceptions like we say a university student because the u is pronounced with y at the beginning so it depends on the pronunciation of the first letter.
In umbrella, the first letter is like an vowel sound similar to /a/ in apple therefore we say an umbrella.
lso in "an MP3 player" the M is pronounced with a vowel at the beginning /em pi 3/.
Therefore, although it's a consonant the pronunciation forces us to use an MP3 player.

5.
a. This morning, I received a letter and an e-mail. The letter was from my school and the e-mail was from my friend.
b. Yesterday, I bought a shirt and a pair of jeans. The shirt is black but the pair of jeans are blue.
c. We live in an old house in the centre of the town. There is a primary school near the house.

d. Water is vital for X life.

------
Grammar Used to p 28

2. We use "used to do" to talk about habits in the past.
3.
a. When I was younger, I used to watch cartoons on TV.
b. In primary school, I used to read short stories at school, but now I read novels.
c. I used to do homework immediately after school.
d. In the evenings, my family and I used to watch TV together.

4.
- I used to watch Cartoon Network at 4 a.m. in the morning and fall asleep on the carpet.
- I used to play Nintendo games in the old Nintendo console.
- I used play puzzles.
- I used to short SMS messages.

-------
Writing Our Society in the Past and Present p. 30

1.
- In the past, people used to use landline phones, but now they use mobile cell phones.
- They used to send letters by the postal office, but now they send e-mails and messages by computers and cell phones.
- They used to listen to the radio to know what is going on in the world, but now they use televisions with satellite receivers and dishes.

2.
In the past, people used to use landline phones, but now they use mobile cell phones. They used to send letters by the postal office, but now they send e-mails and messages by computers and cell phones. They used to listen to the radio to know what is going on in the world, but now they use televisions with satellite receivers and dishes.

-------
REVIEW OF UNITS 1 AND 2

A.
a. Abdelhamid used to smoke.
b. Rachid used to collect stamps.
c. The Smiths used to live in Morocco.
d. Leila used to work.

B.
a. Despite her parents' complaints, Fionna decided to live by herself in New York City.
b. I can't understand her when SHE speaks German with me.
c. He should be proud of himself.
d. We came across a friend of ours at the market yesterday.
e. Each plan has its merits.
f. The friends enjoyed themselves a lot at the party.

C.
a. Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.
b. We spent the previous weekend in the mountain.
c. The kids ate breakfast hastily and went to the zoo around 9 this morning.
d. Did you see yesterday's football match?
e. We didn't go out at all yesterday.

D.
a. Brahim like horses
b. Who's broken the red vase?
c. It is so pleasant to read in the afternoon and after lunch.
d. The grocer opposite the library always sells fresh vegetables.

Functions
1.
a. I think watching TV is a waste of time. -> 2. Quite the contrary! It's our main source of news.
b. Hitch-hiking os the cheapest way of travelling. -> 1. You're right, but it may dangerous sometimes.
c. It seems to me that tennis is the most popular sport. -> 4. I don't agree, Football is certainly the most popular.
d. I find chatting on the net so exciting -> 3. I agree, it's very entertaining indeed.

2.
a. I'm sorry to say this, but the service wasn't good enough.
b. I'm afraid I have complaint about a person who is smoking in a nonsmoking compartment.
c. I deeply apologize for saying this, but your son has broken my window pane.

Vocabulary

1.
a. We're taking a test tomorrow. (God Willing)
b. Congratulations! You're passed your exams.
c. Hamza got quite good marks at Maths this year.
d. Public schools are run private investors.

2.
Married couples with children should divorce when marriage fails:
- It is a wise solution.
- to put an end to problems before it is too late
- It is the solution when there is no understanding within the family.

Married couples with children should carry on living together:
- to save children's future.
- to avoid psychological and social negative impact on children.
- kids usually pay the price of divorce.

-------
UNIT 3: HEALTH AND WELFARE

Reading: Keep Healthy p 39

1.
a. BODY AWARENESS
b. YOUR DIET
c. EXERCISING

2.
1. Exercising gives good results if you
c. eat well

2. Diseases are lower in people who eat
b. varied food

3. if you are aware of your body changes, you will
c. prevent diseases

3.
a. Exercising has a lot of benefits:
- it can increase your energy levels.
- it can help you feel better emotionally.
- it makes the body reduce endorphins.

b. By having a balanced diet, you will:
- grow and develop properly
- maintain a healthy weight
- keep your bones strong and healthy

-------
Vocabulary Health and Welfare p 41

1.
a. He's got a toothache. (Picture 6)
b. She's got a fever (Picture 3)
c. He suffers from flu (Picture 5)
d. He's got a backache (Picture 4)
e. He's got a headache. (Picture 1)
f. He's got a stomachache. (Picture 2)

2.
1. Skin rash -> a dermatologist
2. heart disorders -> a cardiologist
3. chronic depression -> a psychoanalyst
4. blurry eyesight -> an ophthalmologist
5. recurring indigestion -> a gastroenterologist
6. toothache -> a dentist

3. Adjective/verb // Noun
fit // fitness
obese // obesity
recover // recovery
diagnose // diagnosis
prescribe // prescription
aware // awareness
operate // operation
grow // growth
prevent // prevention
able // ability

4.

a. You are a bit obese; you should go on a tough diet to lose some weight.
b. You don't need a doctor's prescription to buy some medicines such as aspirin and cough syrup.
c. I've just learned about your illness. I wish you a speedy recovery.
d. Prevention is better than cure.
e. Leila does aerobics to improve her growth.
f. The doctor is diagnosing what is wrong with the patient.

--------
Communication Asking for/Giving Advice p 44

1.
Advice Request 1: Advice Response B
Advice Request 2: Advice Response A

2.
Asking for advice:
- What should I do?
- What do you advise me?

Giving advice:

- If I were you, I wouldn't worry so much.
- Why not consult a hair therapist?

- You'd better avoid fatty food.
- Why don't you try some special natural types of soap?
- You should avoid stress because it can cause skin problems.

Practice:

1. You should go on a diet.
2. You ought to read a book before going to bed.
3. You'd better avoid stressful thoughts.
4. You should go to the dentist.

Dialogues:
1.
A: I have a terrible headache, what do you advise me?
B: You should take a pill of Dolpirane.
-------

Grammar The Present Perfect p 46

The Rule:

The Present Perfect Simple
I/You/We/They have + past participle
He/She/It has + past participle

Present Perfect Continuous
I/You/We/They have + been + verb (ing form)
He/She/It has + been + verb (ing form)

Exercise

a. My brother visited London last year.
b. Shall we leave now?
- No, I haven't packed my luggage yet
c. I bought this car in 1991.
d. Can I help you? We have been driving for 3 hours.
e. Have you ever been to Spain?
f. Brahim isn't at home. He hasn't just left.
g. You've done your homework, haven't you?
h. You are still busy!
You have been doing this homework since 10.00.

-----
Grammar Models p 47

1.
A. It is certain that the neighborhood is noisy.
B. Steve thinks Peter is in the library, but he isn't sure.
C. The baby is certainly not hungry.

2.
a. We use 'must' to say that we feel sure something is true.
b. We use 'can't' to say that we feel sure something is not true/impossible.
c. We use 'may' to say that something is perhaps true.

3.
a. They have moved into my neighborhood for very long.
They must know many people.
b. You've been working hard all day long. You must be very tired.
c. I'm not sure, but it's may rain tomorrow.
d. Jane must be feeling bored with her work. She does the same thing everyday.
e. This restaurant can be a good one; it's always empty.
f. Aicha may go with us; she hasn't decided yet.
g. This jacket isn't good quality; it can't be very expensive.
h. 'Who's that boy?' - 'I don't know; he must be Latifa's brother.'
i. She got a terrible mark at school; her parents must be very angry.

-------
Writing Writing a Letter p. 48

January 8th, 2022
77, Boulevard Al Massira

Dear Ahmed,
I must apologize for not having written before now.
Well, I have been having problems with my studies. I have gotten bad marks and I'm disappointed in myself and my parents are too.
I really want your advice on this issue as it caused me so much discomfort in my life and I really need to do something about it.
Bye for now,
Mourad Moussaid.

--------
UNIT 4: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

Reading

1. The text is about.
a. how we can deal with waste
(throwing away things we don't need, we contribute to the degradation of... we can do better things with our so-called "waste" than throw it away. We need to see "waste" as a "resource".)

2.
a. False. (When something is thrown away, we lose natural resources.)
b. True. (The way in which we consume materials will affect whether we have a sustainable society that leaves resources available for future generations to use.)
c. True. (However the text doesn't speak directly of economising energy and this can be confusing to students. It talks about managing our waste by not producing it in the first place and then there may be an option to reduce it. So the statement is directly mentioned in the text

3.
a. talk about recycling and reusing waste (evidence in the justifications in exercise 1)
b. save energy and limit rubbish dumps.
c. This question also is not directly answered in the text and is ambiguous for students. The teacher's book states that the right answer is "dispose of waste without caring about its danger.) However, questions like these need to be carefully composed.

Follow Up

1. Yes, my neighborhood is dirty.
2. The people who live in my neighborhood.
3. The government need to provide many dumpsters in order to encourage the residents to throw the trash in dumpsters. Also, dumpsters reserved for recyclable materials such as plastic bottles. On the electric poles, we can small trash buckets hung on those poles so everyone with small trash like biscuit packaging can be immediately thrown away.
4. This was my point of view, how about you? What do you think?

------
Vocabulary Environment and Ecology p 56

1.
1. pollution
2. disposals
3. rubbish
4. garbage
5. nuclear
6. sewage
7. poisonous/toxic
8. degradation
9. environment
10. dispose of

2.

1. degradation: f. causing to be less moral or less deserving
2. disposable: d. designed to be thrown away after use.
3. disposal: e. action of getting rid of something.
4. expanding: b. becoming or making larger.
5. garbage: h. waste
6. give off: send out smoke, smell etc...
7. law: a. rule made by authority, especially a government.
8. recycle: j. treat something already used so that it can be used again.
9. prosperity: l. success or wealth.
10. spoil: m. ruin the value of pleasure of something.
11. surveys: i. general views or studies.
12. toxic: k. poisonous.
13. trash: g. rubbish.

3.
a. In big cities, cars and buses pollute the air as they give off smoke.
b. The degradation of the environment is due to the amount of trash and garbage thrown away by people and factories.
c. As factories are expanding, waste is produced more and more.
d. According to some surveys carried out to by some environmentalists, pollution and man-made disasters are an obstacle to a country's prosperity.

-----
Communication Make and Respond to Suggestions p 59

1.
Making a Suggestion:

- Why don't we ...?
- We could...
- How about ...?
- Why not (go)....?

Accepting
- Why not?
- That's a great idea.

Declining
- Yes ... , but ...

3.
... Let's go to the Minaret...
No, let's not go to the Minaret
...
Then why don't we go to the movies?
Good idea, Rachid! Let's invite Sophia to go with us.
Hi Sophia. We're going to the movies tomorrow. Why don't you come with us.
... Let's go to the circus...

----
Grammar Prepositions p 60

in: the morning / the afternoon / the house / the library / the restaurant / the hotel / December / 2001
on: Monday / Sunday / May 1st / the table
at: midnight / home / the moment / lunch time / school / night / Christmas

2.
a. My mother bought me a new dress at the store.
b. I found my car keys in my pocket.
c. I saw the horse jump over the fence.
d. Maria lives with her parents at a small house.
e. Every morning, I take the bus to school.
f. I sometimes have a siesta in the afternoon at the sitting-room.
g. My teacher drives to school everyday.
h. We went to Marrakesh on vacation.

3.

a. The boat sailed under the bridge.
b. The students get into the bus.
c. The cat is between the dogs.
d. The ducks swim across water.
e. The kittens are sitting in the basket.
f. The mouse is under the table.
g. The boy jumps over the box.
h. The man died into the water.

------
Grammar Too/Enough p 61

2.
a. The student cannot buy the book. It is too expensive.
b. The students could not finish the test. It was too long.
c. I could not answer the question. It wasn't easy enough.
d. We can't all get into this small car. It isn't big enough.
e. The woman can't hear the television. It isn't loud enough.
f. The man cannot see the sun. The sky isn't clear enough.

3.

a. The juice is too sour, I cannot drink it.
The juice is too sour to drink.
b. The shelf is too high to reach.
c. This maths exercise is too difficult to do.
This maths exercise isn't easy enough to do.
d. Voltaire's Candide is too challenging for students to grasp.
e. He's too poor to satisfy all his needs.
He isn't rich enough to satisfy all his needs.
He isn't rich enough to afford the burden alone.

-----
Writing Argumentative Essays p 62

Advantages of Solar Energy:

- It is a low cost installation and an autonomous system of getting solar energy.
- It would help to solve the serious problems of deforestation.
- It represents a non-polluting way of obtaining energy.
- It is safe and renewable.

Advantages of Nuclear Energy:

- It doesn't emit harmful gases.
- It's cheaper.
It is a non-emitting and inexpensive source of energy that can tackle both global warmings and the suffering of the environment.

2.
Text 1:
Topic sentence:
The system of making use of solar energy has advantages ... in underdeveloped countries.

Concluding sentence:
Finally, solar energy is free, safer, and also renewable.

Text 2:

Topic sentence:
Nuclear energy has perhaps the lowest impact on the environment because it does not emit harmful gases.

Concluding sentence:
It is a non-emitting and inexpensive source of energy that can tackle both global warming and suffering of the environment.

3.

I think that solar energy is the safest and most reliable source of energy. Nuclear energy must be controlled and not used for military purposes whereas solar energy poses no risk to the community. It is a non-polluting way of obtaining energy and thus health conditions would be improved and would prevent respiratory infections. It is free, safer and also renewable.

-------
REVIEW OF UNITS 3 AND 4

GRAMMAR:

A.

Thousands of people suffered injuries so far this year while using the new, lightweight scooters. The number of injuries has risen along with the popularity of the scooters since the last statistics. Most of the injuries occured when children fell off the scooters and nearly one-third of the children broke bones. People obviously do not realize that scooters can be dangerous. Those who sell these scooters recommend using safety equipment such as helmets... To avoid accidents, do not use the scooters in wet streets or places with traffic.

B.

1. Can you speak any foreign languages?
2. Rachid must get tired of his job. It is boring.
3. Where's Bill? He must be in his office. I saw him there this morning.
4. Take an umbrella. It might rain later.
5. Soufien must go to the hospital; he has a terrible influenza.
6. Can you do this Math exercise for me? I've already tried, but I've found it too difficult.
7. Jane was overtired and looked sleepy. She must have worked days and nights.

FUNCTION

1. You should stop lifting heavy items for a long time and take breaks. You ought to wear a medical belt for people who have back problems.

2.
Your friend: I have a terrible backache. I don't know which doctor to go to.
You: You should go to an Orthopedist. He treats any issues you may have with pain in the neck, spine, disc-related pain and other common back pain complaints. You'd better go to a pharmacist and ask if they know one or do a google search for Orthopedist in your area. I wish you a blessed and speedy recovery God Willing.

VOCABULARY

Environment

environmental preservation
nuclear energy
global warming
solar panels
disposable products
environment activists

Health

body building
fast food
medical examination
curly hair
health diseases

-------
UNIT 5: ENTERTAINMENT

Reading Text p 69

Football: Sam
Movies: Mr. Nassir
Shopping: Sarah

1. leisure: pleasure - passion - pastimemy parents

2. Name / Leisure Activity / Reasons
Sarah / shopping / She feels happy and her stress gets reduced
Mr. Nassir / movies / Movies relieve stress
Sam / football / It helps build up one's muscles abd strength

3.
a. I don't buy anything and stroll through the shop.
walk slowly from one aisle of the shop to the other.
b. From then on, I was hooked.
completely interested.
c. ... and I was delighted to get one in the end.
glad and pleased.

4.
a. She has other pastimes (Shopping is one of my pleasures)
b. She thinks about the combination of clothes.
c. He loves his movies since his childhood. (I was just eight...when my parents took me to see a classic movie ... From then on, I was hooked.)
d. He prefers action and detective films (My favourites include action and detective films.)
e. No, his family members like films too. (Quite naturally, my wife, my daughter and my son have caught the movie bug as well.)
f. He likes both playing and watching football. (My favourite pastime is playing football... my father asked me to watch a football match. After the match, I became interested in the game.)
g. No, always. (My father and I are faithful fans of Manchester United Football Club... I never miss any of their matches.)

FOLLOW UP:

a. I find watching movies the most interesting leisure activity because it is educational and fun.
b. For me, shopping is the least interesting leisure activity because it is not as satisfying as the other leisure activities (sometimes though, shopping for clothes that have special designs can have a good impact on society when well-chosen as it could advertise important messages.)

-------
Vocabulary Entertainment p 71

1.he
LEISURE
amusem*nt - fun - entertainment - free-time activities - recreation - hobbies

2.
1. Amusem*nt park: an open area with swings, roundabouts and other means of amusing children.
2. Museum: a building where antique objects illustrating art, history or science are displayed.
3. Art gallery: a building for the display of works of art.
4. Teen center: a building where teenagers (aged 13 to 19) spend their free time, doing such things as reading, playing games, singing or acting.
5. circus: a travelling show, usually given in a large tent, including clever horse-riding, clowns and acrobats.

3.
1. Hollywood was the birthplace of cinema, which is often called 'the silver screen'
2. The actress quickly put some make-up, wore her costume and walked on stage.
3. The conductor stepped onto the podium, shook hands with the first violinist and began Beethoven's 5th symphony.
4. Opera singers have great voices.
5. Najib Mahfoud wrote wonderful novels.
6. The scenery used during the first act of the play was so beautiful. It really looked like it was set in Egypt.
7. The audience applauded the acto
rs for a long time.
8. Mary bought a new dress and wore it for the opening night gala.
9. Mozart composed more than 40 symphonies.
10. Shakespeare was a poet and a playwright as well.

---------
Communication Express Interest and Indifference p 73

1.
Najat is interested in Hiro's hobby.
(Najat: How interesting)

2.
Latifa is indifferent

3.
Expressing Interest:
- How interesting!
- Wow! That sounds exciting!
- (Super! / How great!)

Expressing Indifference:
- So what?
- I don't care.
- (Why tell me?)

1.
a. Brian: Look, I've bought a new CD player.
Reda: It's not that interesting!. CD players are out of date now.

b. Zineb: We're travelling to Ifrane next week.
Rosa: Wow! That sounds exciting! How long are you staying?
Zineb: A couple of days.
Rosa: Enjoy yourself, then.

2.
a. Super! That sounds exciting! Have a nice trip!
b. That's great! Congratulations. I am so happy for you guys!
c. WOW! God bless them! He's a great artist and person. He passed away in 2009 but at the time we were so happy for him. He's a great man and to know more about the humanitarian work he has done you can watch the documentary Michael Jackson Symbolism on the Youtube channel Marouane Dahni. (URL address: www.youtube.com/user/jameshetfield007)

------
Grammar The Past Continuous p 75

1.
c. She broke her arm during the Tennis match.
c. Mr. Nassir was busy reading at the same time his children were busy playing.

2.
Affirmative:
I was working / He was working / She was working / It was working
We were working / You were working / They were working

Negative
I wasn't working / He wasn't working / She wasn't working / It wasn't working
We weren't working / You weren't working / They weren't working

Interrogative
Were you working? / Was he working? / Was she working? / Was it working?
Were we working? / Were you working? / Were they working?

PRACTICE

1.
a. Ali: what were you doing when the accident occured?
Brahim: I was trying to change a light bulb.
b. Sebastuan arrived at Susan's house a little before 9:00 pm but she wasn't there. She was studying in the library for her final examination...
c. Sandy is in the living room watching television. At this time yesterday, she was also watching television. That's all she ever does!
d. Peter: I called you last night after dinner, but you weren't there. Where were you?
Jane: I was working out at the fitness center.
e. I was watching a mystery movie on TV when the electricity went out..
f. Sarah was in the room when John told me what what happened, but she didn't hear anything because she wasn't listening.
g. The Titanic was crossing the Atlantic when it stroke an iceberg.

2.
a. When I walked into the post office yesterday, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a secretary and was waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other about the bad service.

b. When I went to Jamaa Elfna, a couple of sellers were bargaining and trying to sell their goods to tourists who were hunting for souvenirs. A couple of men were arguing about the price of a leather belt. Acrobats were performing attractive shows while the spectators were watching with interest.

------
Writing Film Review p 77

1.
Title of the Film: Eye of the Eagle
Director: Peter Flinth
Country: Denmark
Length: 92 minutes
Special Effects: suitable costumes, wonderful scenery, fantasy.

2.
Title of the Film: The Last Temptation of Christ
Director: Martin Scorsese
Country: Morocco
Length: 163 minutes
Main Actors: Willem Dafoe, Harvey Keitel, Barbara Hershey, David Bowie
Story:
Jesus, Peace and Prayers of God be upon him, (portrayed by Willem Dafoe), a humble Judean carpenter beginning to see that he is a messenger of God, is drawn into revolutionary action against the Roman occupiers by Judas (Harvey Keitel) -- despite his protestations that love, not violence, is the righteous path. The burden of being a Messenger of God torments Jesus throughout his life, leading him to doubt. The real Jesus is raised up to Heaven at garden of Gethsemane, the director shows a temptation and a test through the man made to seem like Jesus and thus crucified and killed when the real Jesus was raised up to Heaven. The mistaken Jesus is tempted by visions of an ordinary life married to Mary Magdalene (Barbara Hershey). The crucifixion in itself had been a test by God to the magicians of Pharaoh who repented when they realized that the God of Moses and Aaron (Peace and Prayers of God be upon both of them) is the True God, same as with people of the Fiery Pit mentioned in the Qur'an too.

This film was banned for telling the story of Jesus Christ peace be upon him based on the version of the Qur'an (God's final revelation [uncorrupted by human] to mankind) and the mention of Muhammad, the Final Messenger of God, peace be upon him.

Directed by Martin Scorsese and Michael Jackson (who made a clear reference of support to this in the short movie "Bad" which was directed by Scorsese as well).

The proof is in the documentary "Michael Jackson Symbolism" found on the following link:

www.youtube.com/user/jameshetfield007

The intro of the film in itself is fascinating as it says:

"The dual substance of Christ - the yearning, so human, so superhuman, of man to attain God...has always been a deep inscrutable (mysterious) mystery to me.

My principle anguish and source of all my joys and sorrows from my youth onward has been the incessant, merciless battle between the spirit (wanting to attain Paradise) and the flesh (satisfying the worldy lust) and my soul is the arena where these two armies have clashed and met."

Nikos Kazantzakis

From the book "The Last Temptation of Christ"

This film is not based upon the Gospels (The Bible) but upon this fictional exploration of the eternal spiritual conflict.

Throughout the movie (endorsed by Michael Jackson in the Bad video and calling it not sacrilegous), Scorsese shows that it is Satan who whispered this idea into people to make them polytheistic when God wants us to Worship Him Alone, the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth and that His Creation of Jesus peace be upon him in Mary's womb without a father is easy for God to do like He created Adam from clay.

God has no son. That's why this movie was banned and Michael Jackson himself referred to this movie as telling the Truth. (Proof will be found in Part 21 of the documentary "Michael Jackson Symbolism" on the youtube channel "Marouane Dahni")

You will hear in the background a praise in Arabic saying "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad being his final Messenger."

You will hear exactly the Arabic singer say "La Ilaha Illa Allah, sayyiduna Muhammad Rassoulou Llah".

"La Ilaha Illa Allah" meaning "There is no God but Allah" because the miracles were interpreted wrongly to be Jesus's ability as a god or the "son of God" which Scorsese clearly showed that it's a lie against God (earlier in the movie) and that Jesus is a Prophet given Miracles, like Abraham, Moses and Muhammad peace and prayers be upon all of them.

Throughout the movie, Scorsese showed that it is Satan who whispered this idea into people to make them polytheistic when God wants us to Worship Him Alone, the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth and that His Creation of Jesus peace be upon him in Mary's womb without a father is easy for God to do like He created Adam from clay.

The singer says... (at the timeframe 01:23:00 and in other scenes in the movie)

01:23:00,729 -- 01:23:05,148

"La ilaha illa Llaaaaha"
(There is no god but Allah)

01:23:06,729 -- 01:23:10,148

"Sayyiduna Muhammad Rassoulou Llah..."
(Our Master Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah)

Special Effects: suitable costumes from that era for Jesus Peace and Prayers of God be Upon him and the Children of Israel as well as the Romans, wonderful scenery, great sound effects for the drama of the miracles.

3.
"The Last Temptation of Christ" directed by Martin Scorsese and shot entire in Morocco - is great for people who seek spiritual guidance and have a special interest in ancient times.

There are many favourite scenes throughout the movie as they are all breath-taking. I really liked the atmosphere created by the suitable costumes from that era for Jesus Peace and Prayers of God be Upon him and the Children of Israel as well as the Romans, wonderful scenery, great sound effects for the drama of the miracles. Throughout 163 minutes, I got fully hooked and I was so excited to watch it until its end.

Its main actors are Willem Dafoe, Harvey Keitel, Barbara Hershey and David Bowie. As far as its story is concerned, Jesus, Peace and Prayers of God be upon him, (portrayed by Willem Dafoe), a humble Judean carpenter beginning to see that he is a messenger of God, is drawn into revolutionary action against the Roman occupiers by Judas (Harvey Keitel) -- despite his protestations that love, not violence, is the righteous path. The burden of being a Messenger of God torments Jesus throughout his life, leading him to doubt. The real Jesus is raised up to Heaven at garden of Gethsemane, the director shows a temptation and a test through the man made to seem like Jesus and thus crucified and killed when the real Jesus was raised up to Heaven. The mistaken Jesus is tempted by visions of an ordinary life married to Mary Magdalene (Barbara Hershey). The crucifixion in itself had been a test by God to the magicians of Pharaoh who repented when they realized that the God of Moses and Aaron (Peace and Prayers of God be upon both of them) is the True God, same as with people of the Fiery Pit mentioned in the Qur'an too.

This film was banned for telling the story of Jesus Christ peace be upon him based on the version of the Qur'an (God's final revelation [uncorrupted by human] to mankind) and the mention of Muhammad, the Final Messenger of God, peace be upon him.

Directed by Martin Scorsese and Michael Jackson (who made a clear reference of support to this in the short movie "Bad" which was directed by Scorsese as well).

The proof is in the documentary "Michael Jackson Symbolism" found on the following link:
www.youtube.com/user/jameshetfield007

The intro of the film in itself is fascinating as it says:

"The dual substance of Christ - the yearning, so human, so superhuman, of man to attain God...has always been a deep inscrutable (mysterious) mystery to me. My principle anguish and source of all my joys and sorrows from my youth onward has been the incessant, merciless battle between the spirit (wanting to attain Paradise) and the flesh (satisfying the worldy lust) and my soul is the arena where these two armies have clashed and met."

Nikos Kazantzakis

From the book "The Last Temptation of Christ"

This film is not based upon the Gospels (The Bible) but upon this fictional exploration of the eternal spiritual conflict.

Throughout the movie (endorsed by Michael Jackson in the Bad video and calling it not sacrilegous), Scorsese shows that it is Satan who whispered this idea into people to make them polytheistic when God wants us to Worship Him Alone, the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth and that His Creation of Jesus peace be upon him in Mary's womb without a father is easy for God to do like He created Adam from clay.

God has no son. That's why this movie was banned and Michael Jackson himself referred to this movie as telling the Truth. (Proof will be found in Part 21 of the documentary "Michael Jackson Symbolism" on the youtube channel "Marouane Dahni")

You will hear in the background a praise in Arabic saying "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad being his final Messenger."

You will hear exactly the Arabic singer say "La Ilaha Illa Allah, sayyiduna Muhammad Rassoulou Llah".

"La Ilaha Illa Allah" meaning "There is no God but Allah" because the miracles were interpreted wrongly to be Jesus's ability as a god or the "son of God" which Scorsese clearly showed that it's a lie against God (earlier in the movie) and that Jesus is a Prophet given Miracles, like Abraham, Moses and Muhammad peace and prayers be upon all of them.

Throughout the movie, Scorsese showed that it is Satan who whispered this idea into people to make them polytheistic when God wants us to Worship Him Alone, the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth and that His Creation of Jesus peace be upon him in Mary's womb without a father is easy for God to do like He created Adam from clay.

The singer says... (at the timeframe 01:23:00 and in other scenes in the movie)

01:23:00,729 -- 01:23:05,148

"La ilaha illa Llaaaaha"
(There is no god but Allah)

01:23:06,729 -- 01:23:10,148

"Sayyiduna Muhammad Rassoulou Llah..."
(Our Master Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah)

It's a great movie and it is one that increases your faith in God and gives you more strength and patience in accepting the challenges that God Almighty puts in front of us to test us
-----
UNIT 6: MASS MEDIA

Reading Mass Media Shape Our View of the World p 82

2. Television - Newspaper - Radio - Computer - Fliers -

3.
a. Mass media are important that they influence our ideas and behaviour. -> Paragraph 5 (because the media are so present ... they have a powerful influence on how those populations view the world.)
b. Mass media are found everywhere in the industrialized world. -> Paragraph 4 (<ass communicated media are everywhere in the industrialized world.)
c. Mass media include both news and entertainment. -> Paragraph 2 (This definition includes both the entertainment and news industries)
d. Mass media present a wide variety of information. -> Paragraph 1 (Mass media include all forms of information communicated)
e. News includes reporting facts and interpreting them. -> Paragraph 3 (news is technically facts and interpretation of facts)

4.
a. False (Mass media include all forms of information communicated... from a handmade sign to an international news network.)
b. True (News media include only the news industry. It is often used interchangeably with "the press")
c. True (The distinction between news and entertainment can at times be fuzzy)
d. True (If a situation doesn't make the news, it simply does not exist for most people)

5.
a. The definition suggested by the writer refers to only "large companies or groups, publishers, journalists and others who constitute the communication industry and profession including both the entertainment and news industries.
b. There is no standard for how large the audience needs to be before communication becomes "mass" communication.
c. Journalists and management are the ones who determine which facts to be included in the news.
d. After something is considered newsworthy, there are decisions on how much time or space to give it, whom to interview, what pictures to use and how to frame it. All of these decisions add up to the audience's view of the world and those who make the decisions influence the audience.

Follow Up

1. The most popular mass medium in Morocco is the internet, especially on mobile phones.
2. The most popular among children, teenagers and adults is the internet through mobile phones.
3. Yes, for example they can taint the image of a celebrity who does good for the society and spreads Islam just like what happened with Michael Jackson God rest his soul. They tried to tell people he hates his African race by changing purposely the color of the skin and hiding the truth about how the Zionists purposely infected him with Vitiligo and Lupus. The Zionist-controlled media hid the planned incident during a Pepsi commercial which Michael Jackson spoke about in his autobiographical book "Moonwalk" in which he stated that the director purposely wanted him to stand next to the pyrotechnics while they were going off, that incident caused him a 3rd degree burn to his scalp and part of his face for which he had to glue artificial hair to the back of his scalp and grew long hair in the meantime. People thought he wanted to look like a woman when it was an incident and people forgot that long hair was normal with Messengers of God who were men with long hair too and it was and is normal. However, the media tried to portray such a hero in a bad way purposely. They also banned many of his short films in which he insulted hom*osexuality numerous times as a sin and made a mention of the three angels who came to Abraham peace and prayers of God be upon him numerous times when they told him that the people of Lot were going to be destroyed due to the crime of hom*osexuality. So he clearly was against that sin and said clearly he was not a hom*osexual in a press conference and not caring about sales coming from the hom*osexual community as he disowned them.

-----
Vocabulary Mass Media p 84

1.

1. sitcoms: comedy program based on everyday experiences.
2. chat shows: a television or radio programme in which stars and celebrities are invited to talk informally about various topics.
3. phone in: a radio or television programme where listeners or viewers telephone the studio and participate in the programme.
4. fliers: small printed notice or advertisem*nt.
5. paparazzi: a photographer who follows celebrities in order to photograph them and sell the pictures to newspapers or magazines.
6. editorial: an article presenting the opinion of the editors or publishers.
7. soap opera: a television serial or radio drama dealing with daily events in the lives of the same group of characters.
8. network: a group of associated television or radio channels.
9. advert: commercial promotion of a product or service.
10. audience: spectators, listeners or viewers.

2.
Adjectives / Equivalents

very good / brilliant
cold / freezing
frightened / terrified
angry / furious
hot / boiling
very bad / terrible

----
Communication Talk about Emotions, Feelings and Attitudes p 86

2.
1.
A: How does the man in feel in picture 1?
B: I think he is shocked.

2.
1.
A: How does the man in feel in picture 2?
B: I think he is mischievous or angry.
3. ... surprised
4. ... sad
5. ... happy
6. ... disgusted
*

3.
a. I thought my parents were going to buy me a motorcycle. Imagine how disappointed I was when I only got a bicycle.
b. I was really ecstatic when I saw Hassan II mosque. It is so big and well-built.
c. Don't be so anxious. I am sure the exam will be easy.
d. I was totally frightened when I saw the bus coming towards us at high speed.
e. She can't help feeling jealous when I get better marks.
f. I will be really exhausted when this hard work ends.

----
Grammar The Passive Voice p 88

1.
Object / Action / Agent

The word "press" / is used / N/A (Non-Applicable)
The top story / is picked / N/A
The public / is being influenced / the media

3.
a. They make shoes in that factory.
Shoes are made in that factory (by them).
b. They built that mosque (masjid) in 1934.
That mosque was built in 1934 (by them).
c. The students will finish the course by June.
The course will be finished by the students by June.
d. They are repairing the streets this month.
The streets are being repaired this month (by them).
e. They have finished the new product design.
The new product design has been finished (by them).
f. They were cooking dinner when I arrived.
Dinner was being cooked when I arrived (by them).
g. Someone will speak Arabic at the meeting.
Arabic will be spoken at the meeting.
h. Someone is going to prepare tea.
Tea is going to be prepared.

-----
writing Writing an E-mail p 89

2.

1. Click here if you want to send the receiver a file. D
2. Once you finish, click this button to send your e-mail. G
3. Write your e-mail text here. C
4. Click here to correct your mistakes. F
5. Click here to send the same e-mail to other receivers and write their e-mail addresses. E
6. Write the e-mail address of the receiver here. A
7. Write the subject of your e-mail here.

3.
Dear friend,
It's ok I totally understand. Homework comes first! The film was great. It is called The Crow. It stars Brandon Lee (Bruce Lee's son) God rest both their souls. I read that he was accidentally shot but after seeing this movie, I realized that the accident was set-up. The movie shows that God's Justice prevails as the hero of the film (Eric Draven) and his fiancee Shelly (Sofia Shinas) were killed by a group of criminals (Devil's Night). A year later, Eric Draven is given the power by the Angel of Death through a crow that hits the grave with its beak and brings him back to life and gives him a power to be invincible. He takes revenge on them. There are great references to Islam as being the Truth through the book by John Milton called Paradise Lost which defends the Qur'an, the mention of Edgar Alan Poe's poem and that poet also had written a poem called Al Araf which based on a Surah from the Qur'an. It truly is a great movie and its slogan is "Believe in Angels". I truly loved it! I am going to get it on DVD God Willing as soon as it is released.
I would love to accompany you to the cinema this weekend. Let me know what time we could meet.

Take care and good luck with your studies.

Sincerely,

Meriem.

4.
The title of the film is The Crow.
It's about how God's Justice prevails as the hero of the film (Eric Draven) and his fiancee Shelly (Sofia Shinas) were killed by a group of criminals (Devil's Night). A year later, Eric Draven is given the power by the Angel of Death through a crow that hits the grave with its beak and brings him back to life and gives him a power to be invincible. He takes revenge on all of them. It was produced by Jeff Most, Edward R. Pressman and Grant Hill.
It's set in Detroit, MI (Michigan).
The thing I liked best about it was the great references to Islam as being the Truth through the book by John Milton called Paradise Lost which defends the Qur'an.
I also liked the mention of Edgar Alan Poe's poem and that poet also had written a poem called Al Araf which based on a Surah from the Qur'an. It truly is a great movie and its slogan is "Believe in Angels".
The thing I didn't like is that they didn't allow the film to be in black and white according to an interview I saw where Brandon Lee said that "Hollywood" forced them to use colors in the film when they wanted it to be in black and white to emphasize the drama in the revenge.

-----
REVIEW UNITS 5 AND 6

Grammar

A.

I was reading a newspaper when Shella called. When the phone rang, I picked the receiver and started talking to her. While we were having a conversation, someone knocked at the office glass. As I was busy talking, he went away.

B.
a. Mr. Billy takes care of the garden. -> The garden is taken care of by Mr. Billy.
b. Somebody built this mosque last year. -> This mosque was built last year.
c. They speak English in that shop -> English is spoken in that shop.
d. The guests brought me a lot of gifts. -> I was brought a lot of gifts by the guests.
e. The postman gave me the box. -> I was given the box by the postman.
f. Our grandma will look after the children. -> The children will be looked after by our grandma.
g. Someone saw the criminal in the district yesterday. -> The criminal was seen in the district yesterday.
h. Someone cleans the pavement once a week. -> The pavement is cleaned once a week.

FUNCTIONS

1.
a. That's great! I am so happy for them.
b. Thank God! Farmers were desperately waiting for the rain.
c. Interesting! I wondered what motivated them to do such a thoughtful act.
d. It's not that exciting for me! I am more interested in films about real life experiences and how to overcome them through strong Faith in God Almighty.

2.
Police arrest gang involved in robbery.
-> I'm so glad the police is doing a great job.
Baby and mother killed in car accident.
-> Oh my God! That's so sad! May God rest their souls in Paradise.
New SOS facility for children opens in El Jadida.
-> That's great! It's heartwarming to see help being provided to children, the little angels.
Athletics: Benhassi, only Moroccan medalist in World indoors Championships.
-> That great but I don't follow Athletics that much.
Al Hoceima quake: Orphaned children on tour in Europe.
-> That so unfortunate! I hope the orphaned children find comfort and get the proper care.
Bouregreg Development project proceeds as planned.
-> Good for them, but I don't follow such projects that much.

Vocabulary

1.
day - daily
week - weekly
month - monthly
three months - periodical, a quarterly or trimonthly
year - yearly

2.
TV: soap opera - chat show
Radio: news bulletin
Internet: website - e-mail - chat room
Newspapers: headlines - front page - editorial

3.
Examples
Soap operas are unrealistic.
Contest shosws are boring.
Documentaries are entertaining.
Science fiction films are interesting.
Cooking shows are awful.
Commercials are funny.

4.
Hobbies / Qualities (Imagination, Intelligence or Strength.)

Poetry / Imagination
Sculpture / Imagination
Weightlifting / Strength
Surf / Strength
Hunting / Intelligence
Rugby / Strength
Acting / Intelligence and Imagination
Dancing / Intelligence and Imagination
Fishing / Intelligence and Strength

-----
UNIT 7: CELEBRATIONS

Reading Mother's Day p 99

2.
a. Mother's Day is celebrated in Kitty's country on the second Sunday of May.
b. Rama celebrates Mother's Day by serving her mother breakfast in bed, allowing her to sleep late while Rama and her siblings juggle in the kitchen to prepare her favourite breakfast.
c. Some children present handmade gifts to their mothers to show their respect and affection for their mothers.
d. Sam's attitude towards celebrating Mother's Day is positive because he thinks it's the right time to apologise for all the trouble that we give them.

3.
a. In some countries, both Women's Day and Mother's Day are celebrated on the 8th of March.
b. One day before Mother's Day, many children draw cards themselves.

FOLLOW UP

A Moroccan celebration: Eid Al Adha (The Day of Sacrifice)

Activities: We slay a lamb in Rememberance of the sacrifice of Prophet Ibraheem (Abraham) Peace and Prayers of God be upon him and how he was tested by God by being asked to slay his son to show God matters more to Him. He found his son patient and accepting of God's Will and as Abraham was getting ready to slay his son, a lamb was sent down from God and his sonn was spared. That is why Muslims in Morocco and the Muslim world slay a sheep on the day of Sacrifice to celebrate that great miracle. It actually can be a great topic for other religions when they found out how we celebrate a miracle from a Messenger of God Peace and Prayers of God be upon him and they would realize that we Muslims don't recognize Muhammad Peace and Prayers of God be upon him, but all Messengers (Abraham, David, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad Peace and Prayers of God be upon him).

Special Food and Drinks: In the morning, families have breakfast with Moroccan tea or coffee and milk and home-made cookies, Msemmen, fried dough (Rghayf). For lunch, of course after slaying the lamb families barbecue the meat, the liver enrolled in fat and have it with Moroccan tea again. At night for dinner, some families might cook the head with steam and a part like the shoulder in the oven.

Gifts: Families days before the holiday buy their kids new clothes for the occasion. Because it is mainly about remembering the sacrifice made by the Messenger of God Peace and Prayers of God be upon him.

Other customs: In the morning before slaying the lamb, Muslims wake up and go to a Mussalla (a masjid [mosque] without a roof in open air) and Praise and Remember God by chanting in unison Praises to God. When the Imam (preacher) comes, everyone performs the Eid Prayer and then listen to a sermon (khotba) by the preacher who reminds of the symbolism of the Day of Sacrifice and how to get closer to God through this spiritual act. Muslims are supposed to give out Zakat El Eid (giving alms to the poor at a specific amount before slaying the lamb).

----
Vocabulary Celebrations p 101

1.
a. observed (statement A): celebrated
b. presents (statement B): gifts
c. respect (statement C): honour
d. feel anxious and restless (statement D): worry

2.
a. My parents always worry about me when I travel alone.
b. A reception was given honour of the new champions.
c. On Valentine's Day, lovers exchange flowers, cards and other gifts.
d. Mother's Day is not celebrated the same way all over the world. Each country has its own way of celebrating it.

3.
New Year's Day is the first day of the calendar year. People in almost every country celebrate this day as a holiday. The celebrations are both festive and serious. Many people make New Year's resolutions to give up bad habits or to start good ones. Some think about how they haveto lived during the past year and look forward to the next twelve months.

4.
Noun / Verb

gift / give
donation / donate
adoption / adopt
recognition / recognize (recognise is British)
devotion / devote
ignorance / ignore
recitation / recite
contemplation / contemplate
honour / honour
greetings / greet
prayer / pray
dependence / depend

5.
a. During the last ten days in Ramadan, Muslims contemplate and seek God's pardon.
b. The greeting in celebrations differ from one country to another depending on the religious tendencies of people.
c. Some religious people all over the world ignore Christmas and do not celebrate it at all.
d. Life is a gift from God, so we have to preserve it.
e. The Indians in Mexico City gather in front of the temple to honour Mother Guadalupe.

-----
Communication Recognize and Use Ways of Apologizing p 103

1.
a. Latifa apologizes to Hind because she has spoilt the book she has lent her.
(spoil here is used to mean ruin or damage but it would be better to use tear or spilled something on it like water or coffee, spoil a book or a movie is to give information that that takes away the suspense)

b. She says, "I'm very sorry, Hind"

3.
1. I must apologize; I know that my music is disturbing you.
b. Ok, will you please turn down the volume?

2. I am terribly sorry for not coming at the right time as I promised.
d. Take your time. Let's fix another date.

3. It was my fault to damage the video disk I borrowed from you.
c. It doesn't matter. I have a double copy of it.

4. I know that the children are disturbing you. Please forgive me.
a. Nevermind, the children are not to blame.

4.
a. I am terribly sorry my dear friends for not coming on time to an important meeting.
b. Sorry, I didn't mean to spill coffee on your clothes.
c. I'm very sorry I can't help you with your Math exercises because I'm very tired.
d. I can't tell you how sorry I am for not being able to accompany you to the movies.
e. I am terribly sorry teacher I came late for class.

-------
Grammar Relative Pronouns p 104

2.
Sentence / Main Clause / Relative pronoun/adverb / Relative clause

Sentence a / The novel is mine. / which / is lying on that shelf
Sentence b / Najib Mahfoud won the Nobel Prize. / whose / (his) novels are translated into many languages
Sentence c / Muslims prefer to go to a mosque. / where / they perform their prayers
Sentence d / Valentine's Day is a day / when / lovers exchange flowers and postcards

3.
a. May 1st is a day when people in many countries honour workers.
b. The old man who lives next door has just died.
c. My neighbour, whose son is my close friend, invited me to go with them on a picnic.
d. Samia is celebrating her birthday, which coincide with Valentine's Day.
e. Students go to the library where they look for information in reference books.

4.
a. April Fools's Day is an occasion when we play tricks on our friends.
b. Students who will have higher marks will be awarded prizes.
c. You have been listening to Beethoven who is one of the greatest composers.

-----
Writing Writing a Personal Letter p 105

1.
a. Greeting: Hello
b. Reference to the last letter: Thank you very much for your letter... Halloween.
c. Body of the letter: Well, each year,... Tell me about one of them.
d. Closing and salutation: Please give my best wishes to your family... Laura

2.

Mohammedia, Morocco
February 26th, 2022

Dear Laura,

Thank you for your letter. I was glad to learn more about Halloween because as a Moroccan I love the movie "The Crow" and its events take place on Halloween. I love the fact that it's about how God's Justice prevails as the hero of the film (Eric Draven) and his fiancee Shelly (Sofia Shinas) were killed by a group of criminals (Devil's Night). A year later on Halloween exactly again, Eric Draven is given the power by the Angel of Death through a crow that hits the grave with its beak and brings him back to life and gives him a power to be invincible. He takes revenge on all of them. The thing I liked best about it was the great references to Islam as being the Truth through the book by John Milton called Paradise Lost which defends the Qur'an.

As Muslims in Morocco, we celebrate Eid Al Adha (The Day of Sacrifice) in which We slay a lamb in Rememberance of the sacrifice of Prophet Ibraheem (Abraham) Peace and Prayers of God be upon him and how he was tested by God by being asked to slay his son to show God matters more to Him. He found his son patient and accepting of God's Will and as Abraham was getting ready to slay his son, a lamb was sent down from God and his sonn was spared. That is why Muslims in Morocco and the Muslim world slay a sheep on the day of Sacrifice to celebrate that great miracle. It actually can be a great topic for other religions when they found out how we celebrate a miracle from a Messenger of God Peace and Prayers of God be upon him and they would realize that we Muslims don't recognize Muhammad Peace and Prayers of God be upon him, but all Messengers (Abraham, David, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad Peace and Prayers of God be upon him).

I am sure you will find this celebration interesting. Please send my best wishes to your family.

Best regards,

Kamal.

-------
UNIT 8: OUR CULTURAL HERITAGE

Reading Marriage Ceremony in Imilchil p 110

1.
The purpose of the writer is to describe the wedding ceremonies in Imilchil.
(The Imilchil marriage ceremony takes place...)

2. a. The traditions related to marriage in Imilchil. Paragraph 2 (Henna ...is applied to the bride's hands... A tray is kept... the dried henna is washed...)

b. The importance of Imilchil festival for the nearby tribes. Paragraph 1 (The Imilchil marriage ceremony takes place in the Atlas Mountains... Two main trives participate in the festival... Hundreds of young men meet and marry at the three-day event.)

c. The myth of Isli and Tislit. Paragraph 4 (the newly married couples must go to the lakes Isli and Tislit for a traditional visit. It is believed .. a young man married a young girl whose parents did not approve. The couple ran away and cried all night and their tears created the two lakes.

d. The symbolic meaning of offering milk and dates. Paragraph 3 (welcomes guests by offering them milk and dates.. symbolically becoming both guest and host for each other.)

3. a. happens (paragraph 1): takes place
b. prevent (paragraph 2): ward off
c. one who receives guests (paragraph 3): host
d. agree (paragraph 4): approve

FOLLOW-UP

The story goes that the monarch Shahryar, on discovering that his first wife was unfaithful to him, resolved to marry a new virgin every day and to have her beheaded the next morning before she could dishonour him. Eventually the vizier could find no more virgins of noble blood and offered his own daughter, Scheherazade, as the king's next bride.

Against her father's wishes, Scheherazade volunteered to marry the king. Once in the king's chambers, Scheherazade asked if she might bid one last farewell to her beloved younger sister, Dunyazad, who had secretly been prepared to ask Scheherazade to tell a story during the long night. The king lay awake and listened with awe as Scheherazade told her first story. The night passed by, and Scheherazade stopped in the middle. The king asked her to finish, but Scheherazade said there was no time, as dawn was breaking. So the king spared her life for one day so she could finish the story the next night. The following night Scheherazade finished the story and then began a second, more exciting tale, which she again stopped halfway through at dawn. Again, the king spared her life for one more day so that she could finish the second story.

Thus the king kept Scheherazade alive day by day, as he eagerly anticipated the conclusion of each previous night's story. At the end of 1,001 nights, and 1,000 stories, Scheherazade finally told the king that she had no more tales to tell him. During the preceding 1,001 nights, however, the king had fallen in love with Scheherazade. He wisely spared her life permanently and made her his queen.

-----
Vocabulary Our Cultural Heritage p 112

1.
1. love
2. tolerance
3. respect
4. hospitality
5. generosity
6. brotherhood
7. openness
8. morality
9. ethics / morals
10. understanding
11. freedom

2.
1. fantasia: (originally means a musical composition with a free form and often an improvisatory style.) but the author's of the book's intention with the choices and the context of the Moroccan culture is definition f which is "artistic competition of horse riding."
2. folklore: traditional beliefs, music, dances, etc.
3. culture: arts, traditions and the way of life of a particular society.
4. bazaar: a shop selling a variety of goods and artisctic pieces.
5. hospitality: generous reception and entertainment of guests.
6. saint: holy person

3.
Morocco has been influenced by African, Arab, Berber, Jewish, and European culture. It is well known for its excellent shopping centers and bazaars. Morocans are known for their hospitality and whenever a visitor comes in, he is served a cup of mint tea as a symbol of kindness. Fantasia, an exciting festival of horse riding, is held everywhere especially during a 'mussem' - a festivity celebrating the memories of a "saint" or 'wali'. It is an example of traditional folklore in Morocco that dates back in time and includes horses, costumes, and music.

----
Communication Expressing Possibility p 115

1.
Sally is not sure that Sofia is in the library. She COULD be in the library
Sally is not sure that Sofia is with Mary. PERHAPS she is with Mary.

2.
a. They may find a cure for AIDS by 2030 God Willing
b. Perhaps Morocco will win the next African Cup.
c. America might have a woman president before 2025 God Willing.
d. By the year 2030, there may be a colony on the moon God Willing.
e. It's possible that Palestinians are going to establish their own country soon God Willing.

3.
1. Could you open the window, please? -> request
2. Shall we have walk outside? -> suggestion
3. May I open the window? -> permission
4. You should save energy. -> advice
5. I can't tell you how sorry I am. -> apologizing
6. I may go to the party. I am not sure.

-----
Grammar Phrasal Verbs p 116

1. Poverty brings about social problems. -> cause to happen
2. The teacher advised the student to go on with his hard work. -> continue / keep on
3. When Leonardo Da Vinci finished the Mona Lisa, it appealed to all races. -> became ATTRACTIVE (not attracted) to
4. John's car is very old, it always breaks down. -> stops functioning
5. Moroccan people put up with different religious and ethnic sensibilities. -> bear / tolerate
6. Chimneys of factories poison the air when they give off toxic smoke
7. My friend is so intelligent that he figures out every riddle -> finds a solution
8. If we don't save water, we will use it up. -> use all of
9. When shopping for watermelon, I like to pick out the biggest. -> choose
10. My friend made up a good excuse so as to justify his absence. -> invented / created

B.

a. Vehicles give off too much toxic smoke in the air.
b. Can you figure out how I got your address?
c. Smoking brings about cancer and lung diseases.
d. Our teacher is so kind that he usually puts up with students' mistakes.
e. The witty girl made out a good pretext so as not to put herself in a bad situation.

C.
a. hand out: distribute
b. hand in : submit
c. put out : extinguish
d. rely on: depend on
e. do up: beautify
f. back up: support - encourage somebody
g. break into: enter by force
h. eat up : finish eating
i. put on : wear clothes / dress upj. take off : undress / leave the ground

-----
Grammar Conditional Type 0 p 117

2.
a. There are 2 clauses
b. Yes, they have the same form
c.
If clause: If + subject + simple present + object / complement
Main clause: subject + simple present + object / complement

4.
a. If there is an eclipse in the day, we can't see the sun
b. When you are in Rome, do as the Romans do.
c. Water pours if you turn the tap.
d. People don't look at the sun if there is a solar eclipse.

----
Grammar Conditional Type 1 p 118

2.
a. There are 2 clauses
b. No, they don't have the same form
c.
If clause: If + subject + simple present + object / complemen t
Main clause: subject + simple future + object / complement

3.
a. If you eat an apple every day, you'll be very healthy.
b. If we don't protect elephants, they will become extinct.
c. He will pay higher insurance if he buys a sports car.
d. She will see better if she turns on the lamp.
e. You will have a heart disease if you eat too much meat.
f. You won't pass the course if you don't study well.
g. If a deer gets into your garden, it will eat all your plants.

-----
Writing Celebrating a Moroccan Scholar

b. Mohammed Abu-Talib (1930-2000) was a great scholar.
a. He received both primary and secondary education in Fez before he went to the USA on a scholarship.
f. There, from 1959 to 1964, he attended courses at prestigious universities such as Alabama, Howard, and Georgetown University. c. A few years later, he studied linguistics and literature at Heidelberg University (Germany).
d. Back in Morocco, he taught English at Lycee Moulay Idriss, Fez.
h. He also taught English and Spanish at the Faculty of Arts and Humanities of Fez between 1964 and 1968.
i. From 1970 to 1976, he was Chairman of The English Department at the Rabat Faculty of Arts and Humanities.
g. He is considered the spiritual father of The Moroccan Association of Teachers of English (MATE).
e. When he died, he was mourned across the country. j. We will always remember him for his love and passion for teaching.

2. The time indicators that helped me to re-arrange the biography are:
1930 - 2000 / from 1959 to 1964 / Back in Morocco / between 1964 and 1968 / From 1970 to 1976 / When he died.

3.

Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-Karim al-Khattabi, better known as Abd el-Krim (1882/1883, Ajdir, Morocco – 6 February 1963, Cairo, Egypt) was a Moroccan political and military leader and the President of the Republic of the Rif. (a short-lived republic in northern Morocco that existed between 1921 and 1926. It was created in September 1921, when the people of the Rif revolted and declared their independence from Spanish occupation as well as from the Moroccan Alawite sultan, Yusef.)

He and his brother M'Hammad led a large-scale revolt by a coalition of Riffian tribes against French and Spanish colonization of the Rif, in Morocco. His guerrilla tactics, which included the first-ever use of tunneling as a technique of modern warfare, directly influenced Ho Chi Minh, Mao Zedong and Che Guevara.

Abd el-Krim received a customary formative education at a local school in Ajdir and subsequently attended an institute at Tetouan. At the age of 20, he studied for two years in Fez at the Al Attarine and Saffarin madrasas and subsequently enrolled as a student at the University of al-Qarawiyyin, the world's oldest institution of higher education. Both Muhammad and his brother M'Hammad received a Spanish education, the latter studying mine engineering in Málaga and Madrid. Both spoke fluent Spanish and Riffian.

Following his studies, Abd el-Krim worked in Melilla (a Spanish enclave from 1494 to the present day) as a teacher and translator for the OCTAI, the Spanish 'native affairs' office, and as a journalist for the Spanish newspaper Telegrama del Rif (1906–1915). In 1907, he was hired to edit and write articles in Arabic for El Telegrama del Rif, a daily newspaper in Melilla, where he defended the advantages of European—especially Spanish—civilization and technology and their potential to elevate the economic and cultural level of the Moroccan population. In 1910, Abd el-Krim took a position as secretary-interpreter in the Native Affairs Office in Melilla, which brought him into close contact with the Spanish military bureaucracy and the town's civil society and gained a reputation for intelligence, efficiency and discretion.

-------
REVIEW FOR UNITS 7 AND 8 p 124 - 125

Grammar

A.
1. The plane which takes off from Madrid will land in Casablanca Airport on time.
2. You must give up smoking. It is harmful to your health.
3. I can't put up with people shouting at me.
4. Go on walking until you see a small sign on your left. There is the school where I study.
5. A long time ago people brought up children with very little money.

B.
1. Neil Armstrong was the first man who set foot on the moon.
2. Saint Valentine is an occasion when lovers exchange postcards.
3. A pharmacy is a place where you buy medicines.
4. The student whose father won the lottery visited our class.
5. That's the hotel which burned down last night.

C.
1. If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
2. If you don't turn the gas off, something horrible will happen.
3. Please, if you meet Mr. Abd Elhafid, tell him to call me as soon as possible.
4. You will have an accident if you drive faster.
5. You can't open the bottle if you don't use a bottle opener.
6. I will tell you a secret on condition that you keep it to yourself.

Functions

A.
1. Where is David? He must be at school. Class begins at 8.
2. They could live in New York. I am not sure.
3. I am awfully sorry. Nevermind.
4. That student can't make that noise. He is the most polite of all.

B.
1. I'm very sorry that I'm late, but there is a train strike on at the moment.
2. please forgive me for interrupting you. I didn't realise you were busy with someone else.
3. Please send my apologies to the meeting as I shan'tb be able to attend.
4. I must beg your pardon, I mistook you for somebody else.
5. I know I shouldn't have made those harsh remarks. I deeply regret what I said.

Vocabulary

Millions of tourists visit Morocco for many reasons. Firstly, it is known for its cultural diversity and artistic richness. Festivals and ceremonies are held throughout the year across the country. Secondly, the Moroccan people are hospitable. They like to entertain visitors from different origins, nationalities, and religions. They thus show a high spirit of tolerance towards other cultures.

----
UNIT 9: HUMAN RIGHTS

1.
Picture 2: Article 2
Picture 3: Article 10
Picture 4: Article 19
Picture 5: Article 12
Picture 6: Article 20
Picture 7: Article 21
Picture 8: Article 16
Picture 9: Article 1
Picture 10: Article 27
Picture 11: Article 26
Picture 12: Article 14

2.
a. Social and Economic Rights:
1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 12 - 13 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30

b. Political and Civic Rights:
1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30

(this exercise is ambiguous and difficult for students)

3.
a. True (Article 8. Right to remedy by a competent tribunal)
b. True (This Article 13 doesn't specify whether prisoners are included but it does say free movement in and out of the country so it could be also false.)
c. True (Article 7, right to equality before the law.)
d. True (Article 15, right to a nationality and the freedom to change it.)

FOLLOW UP:

Concerning the rights Article 3 which is about right to life, liberty and personal security. Moreover, I cite Article 25 which is about the right to adequate living standards. Moreover, Article 24 which is about the right to rest and leisure.
As for the examples in our area. Article 3 is seen here where parents let their kids play in dangerous areas without monitoring them in the streets, as those kids pick up bad behaviour and language. Another example is when we see kids being abused by their parents who take their anger out on them for no specific reason just because they are upset.
For Article 25, this is seen when some clinics show no care for women when they go into labor. We hear examples of women who had C-sections but when stitched back, a towel was found in a woman's womb. This is also shown when lethal and bad vaccines are given to children in a mandatory manner that destroys their health. An example of Article 18 being violated is when we see parents putting the burden of education on schools alone without any follow-ups. The molding of the core values starts with the mother and father at home. It is not respected when we see schools for example that mix students with disabilities with those with no disabilities which constitutes a huge challenge for the disabled children.
Also, this is evident when we see the health care system forcing vaccines on kids who were healthy before the vaccine and are now sick with autism for instance, which tortures the child and his family and all those surrounding him. This is closely related to the previous issue about disabled children and this constitutes the cause for the calamity. We also see a lack of cultural activities that would motivate children to learn more, educational yet fun activities that create consciousness and awareness in their minds. The schools for instance focus just on teaching languages and content without content that motivates and lets them see what is truly going on in the world and the source of the calamities and what the Creator warned us about. Finally, we can see drug and alcohol salespoints around schools getting kids addicted to drugs from a very early age.
The cultural sessions I mentioned create awareness which cover this aspect too as Michael Jackson God rest his soul tackled this subject in his short film "Smooth Criminal" where he finds out how an agency in the United Nation itself promotes such acts for their own mischievous plans and he was chased throughout the movie but God everytime sends angels to save him from their conspiracies and he ends up winning and saving these kids who were praying at school and this bothered the UN representative as he wanted prayers to Allah to be replaced with drug taking for his own benefit.
Michael Jackson eventually got assassinated in dark circ*mstances and the evidence all point to the fact that he was killed by people "higher than the American government itself" in his final call to his then manager which is all over YouTube. The Truth Thank God is surfacing and God Willing it shall set the world free from this cancer and cure it for once and for all God Willing. This is the solution in my opinion, to focus on creating this awareness and dismantle this hypnosis taking place in the world. In turn, parents and everyone in society should be aware of this Truth and work all together towards a sure path to a better future blessed by the Almighty God, God Willing.

----
Vocabulary Human Rights p 130

1.
1. death penalty or capital punishment: the ultimate punishment for breaking the law.
2. mistreatment or maltreatment: inflicting physical or mental pain on purpose.
3. dignity: the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect.
4. Amnesty International: an international human rights organisation which works to stop torture, execution, and imprisonment of people arrested for their opinions.
5. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR): a document which defines and describes the rights of all people.
6. incommunicado detention: imprisonment without visits permitted from lawyers and family members.
7. Prisoner of Conscience: a non-violent person arrested and jailed for expressing his or her opinions.
8. non-violent political action: ordinary people protesting peacefully against government actions or policies.
9. the Convention on the Rights: a list of special rights children in every nation should enjoy.
10. human rights: what all persons should be allowed just because they are human.

2.
"When the United Nations (UN) wrote the convention, it had to decide who exactly a child is. Here is their definition: A child is every human being under 18 years old.
Governments must respect and follow the rights we (as kids) are given in this Convention without any kind of discrimination. You and/or your parents' race colour, sex, language, and religion do not matter. Neither do your opinions things, if you have a disability, or where you came from. To sum it up: All kids must be treated exactly the same, no matter how different they are!
Governments must also do their best to make sure that we are protected from any kind of discrimination or punishment because of our parents' race, legal guardians or family members' status (for example, if they are poor, etc.), their activities, opinions or beliefs."

----
Listening Michael Jackson - We Are The World (One of the Songs featured in his short film Moonwalker) p 131

Instructions as written in the teacher's book of the textbook Ticket to English.
"Teacher introduces the topic of the song by brainstorming students about hunger in Africa and what can be done to help countries that suffer from extreme hunger."
....
The purpose here is to make students aware of the great number of famous singers involved in the song."
(This song is included in the Michael Jackson movie Moonwalker for which there was a poster in the class and I had explained that before. The poster for BAD, the album for which Moonwalker promoted its short films, all of which were edited and/or banned from broadcast on national television for bringing attention to important social topics and problems the worlds and especially the students/teenagers are facing at this time of age.)

1.

Soloists (in order of appearance)
• Lionel Richie
• Stevie Wonder
• Paul Simon
• Kenny Rogers
• James Ingram
• Tina Turner
• Billy Joel
• Michael Jackson
• Diana Ross
• Dionne Warwick
• Willie Nelson
• Al Jarreau
• Bruce Springsteen
• Kenny Loggins
• Steve Perry
• Daryl Hall
• Huey Lewis
• Cyndi Lauper
• Kim Carnes
• Bob Dylan
• Ray Charles

Chorus (alphabetically)
• Dan Aykroyd
• Harry Belafonte
• Lindsey Buckingham
• Mario Cipollina (of Huey Lewis and the News)
• Johnny Colla (of Huey Lewis and the News)
• Sheila E.
• Bob Geldof
• Bill Gibson (of Huey Lewis and the News)
• Chris Hayes (of Huey Lewis and the News)
• Sean Hopper (of Huey Lewis and the News)
• Jackie Jackson
• La Toya Jackson
• Marlon Jackson
• Randy Jackson
• Tito Jackson
• Waylon Jennings
• Bette Midler
• John Oates
• Jeffrey Osborne
• Anita Pointer (of The Pointer Sisters)
• June Pointer (of The Pointer Sisters)
• Ruth Pointer (of The Pointer Sisters)
• Smokey Robinson

1.
There comes a time when we hear a certain call When the world must come together as one.
There are people dying and it's time to lend a hand to life. The greatest gift of all.

2.
We can't go on pretending day by day. That someone, somewhere will soon make a change. We are all part of God's great big family. And the truth, you know, love is all we need.

3. [Chorus]
We are the world, we are the children.
We are the ones who make a brighter day so let's start giving.
There's a choice we're making. We're saving our own lives. It's true we'll make a better day. Just you and me.

4.
Send them your heart so they'll know that some cares.
And their lives will be stronger and free. As God has shown us by turning stones to bread. So we all must lend a helping hand.

5. [Chorus]
we are the world. We are the ones who make a brighter day.
We are the ones who make a brighter day so let's start giving.
There's a choice we're making. We're saving our own lives. It's true we'll make a better day. Just you and me.

6.
When you're down and out, there seems no hope at all.
But if you just believe there's no way we can fall.
Let us realize that a change can only come when we stand together as one.

7. [Chorus]
We are the world, we are the children.
We are the ones who make a brighter day so let's start giving.
There's a choice we're making. We're saving our own lives. It's true we'll make a better day. Just you and me.

------
Functions Hopes and Wishes p 132

1.
Prisoners' rights are not respected.
I wish prisoners' rights were respected.

Women cannot do all jobs.
I wish equality for women (within limits based on their capabilities as God ordained in the Qur'an)
I wish women could do all jobs (within limits based on their capabilities as God ordained in the Qur'an)

Our environment is degrading.
I wish for a consideration for our environment.
I wish our environment wasn't degrading.

Many people don't benefit from health care.
I wish there was healthcare for all.
I wish that many people could benefit from health care.

2.
a) Immigrants suffer from racism in many parts of the world.
I wish immigrants didn't suffer from racism.
b) You will sit for the exam next week. You are well prepared.
I hope (that) you will succeed in the exam,
c) I am really lazy; I don't work hard.
I wish I worked hard.
d) I don't speak German; I am hopeless at languages.
I wish I spoke German.
e) It is raining a lot and we don't have an umbrella.
I wish we had an umbrella.
f) My friend lives in a small village, and he doesn't like it.
He wishes he didn't live in a small village.
g) We plan to go out tomorrow. The weather seems to be fine.
I hope the weather will be fine God Willing.

----
Grammar Reported Speech p 133

a. Nadia: "My teacher will go to the movies."
Nadia said that her teacher would go to the movies
b. Teacher: "Open the window, please."
The teacher asked me to open the window.
c. Peter: "I always do my best in the exams."
Peter told me that he always did his best in the exams.
d. Alice: "Our neighbours are making a lot of noise."
Alice complained that their neighbours were making a lot of noise.
e. Amal: "Are you reading the book?"
Yesterday Amal asked me if was reading the book.
f. Mother: "Don't play football in the garden."
My mother told me not to play football in the garden.
g. Teacher: "Remember to do your homework."
The teacher told me to remember to do my homework.
h. Father: "Be quiet!"
Our father asked us to be quiet.

-----
Grammar Conditional Type 2

1.
- There are 2 clauses. No, the IF clause has the simple past form, the main clause has would + infinitive (without to).
- No, it's imaginary.
2.
Conditional Type 2 sentences express ideas that the speaker or writer thinks are:
c. Unlikely, untrue or contrary to fact in the present.
3.
a. I wish there were more recreational facilities in my town. Then, I wouldn't feel bored.
If there were more recreational facilities, I wouldn't feel bored.
b. Supposing my parents bought me a car. Then, I would explore Morocco.
If my parents bought me a car, I would explore Morocco.
c. Imagine there is no crime in our city. Everyone would feel peaceful.
If there was no crime in our city, everyone would feel peaceful.

-----
Writing Writing a Formal Letter p 135

2.
The first newspaper extract is:
"Children are forced to work long hours in carpet factories for little money; they cannot go to school."
In this extract, there are violations of 2 UDHR articles. Article 4: Freedom from Slavery and Article 26: Right to Education.

3.
77, Al Massira Boulevard
Mohammedia

UDHR Moroccan Branch
55, Mohammed V Boulevard
Rabat, Morocco

Dear Mr. President,
I read in the news that Children are forced to work long hours in carpet factories for little money; they cannot go to school. In this extract, there are violations of 2 UDHR articles. Article 4: Freedom from Slavery and Article 26: Right to Education
You should encourage the government to create laws that forbid hiring children and using them in that manner. In schools too, teachers and educators should find ways that encourage students to study and motivate them intrinsically in a manner that they would feel that studying is a noble holy mission that we should abide by.
In this regard, I feel that schools should coordinate cultural sessions that create awareness as Michael Jackson God rest his soul tackled this subject in his short film "Smooth Criminal" where he finds out how an agency in the United Nation itself promotes such acts for their own mischievous plans and he was chased throughout the movie but God everytime sends angels to save him from their conspiracies and he ends up winning and saving these kids who were praying at school and this bothered the UN representative as he wanted prayers to Allah to be replaced with drug taking for his own benefit.
Michael Jackson eventually got assassinated in dark circ*mstances and the evidence all point to the fact that he was killed by people "higher than the American government itself" in his final call to his then manager which is all over YouTube. The Truth Thank God is surfacing and God Willing it shall set the world free from this cancer and cure it for once and for all God Willing. This is the solution in my opinion, to focus on creating this awareness and dismantle this hypnosis taking place in the world. In turn, parents and everyone in society should be aware of this Truth and work all together towards a sure path to a better future blessed by the Almighty God, God Willing.

I hope that this letter shows how important your involvement is needed although you can see how other organisms could be poisoning the world whereas you can make a change within the United Nation organization as we have the good and bad in every organism.

Yours sincerely,
(signature)
Ahmed Malki

-----
UNIT 10: TRAVEL AND HOLIDAY

1. He probably won't because teenagers by themselves are not to be encouraged as many bad things can happen when they're by themselves. Plus, her friends could have a bad influence.

As expected, the father didn't want to let her go as he was so worried about her but her insistence as well as her mom's made him change his mind.

2.
a. ... to the mountains.
b. ... at Najat's relatives' house/ they will hitch-hike.
c. No. Never.
d. The mother is for but the father is against.

3.
Mr. Chbihi hesitates because...
- Samia has never travelled alone.
- He can't think of his daughter hitch-hiking.
- Samia may have accomodation problems.

Samia insists because...
- Travelling develops the personality.
- She's like to be independent.
- Travelling is the best education.

4.
a. to inform a person about some news: to break the news to someone
b. to be independent: to rely on oneself
c. to be able to pay for something: to afford
d. to ask a person for a free ride: to hitch-hike
e. in your place: if I were in your shoes

FOLLOW UP

a. Yes.
b. No.
c. I would go to the city where the international famous movie The Last Temptation of Christ peace and prayers of God be upon him which was shot in Volubilis, Oumnast, Kasbat Ait Benhaddou, Demnate and other places in Morocco. This movie was also supported by Michael Jackson God rest his soul who financed the movie and supported it in the his short film BAD in which Michael Jackson defends the film and doesn't call it sacrilegous. It carries dangerous messages about Jesus foretelling the arrival of the final messenger Muhammad peace and prayers of Allah be upon both of them.

d.

1. He can't find someone interested in the same trip he is interested in and not convinced enough about the purpose.
2. He is the one paying for the trip and nobody else is helping him.
3. He is single and doesn't have a family.

e. Yes I agree if the person is old enough and mature enough to be safe.

----
Vocabulary Travel and Holiday p 142

1.
1. go swimming
2. cycle or go cycling
3. go surfing
4. camp or go camping
5. sunbathe
6. do some sightseeing or go sightseeing
7. go to the zoo
8. climb or go climbing

2.
a. Last month, I saw my parents off at the airport. The plane took off on time.
b. Overexcited, the kids rushed off without saying goodbye.
c. The train pulled out of the station a few minutes later than its usual departure time.
d. We checked in at the hotel, put our baggage in the room and went sightseeing.
e. They set off early on the trip to avoid traffic jams.

3.
1. trip: d. journey
2. excursion: c short joumey made by a group of people for pleasure
3. flight: b. journey by air.
4. voyage: a. journey by sea. (or in space)
5. picnic: e. journey on which food is carried to be eaten outdoors.

4.
a. The voyage was really superb except for the high waves.
b. The other day, we went on a picnic to the forest. It was fantastic even if we forgot to take some sandwiches with us.
c. Last year my father took a non-stop flight from Casablanca airport to New York.
d. Every spring holiday, we go on a trip/journey/excursion to the countryside.

----
Functions Asking for Promises/Giving Promises/Expressing Surprise

Asking for Promises:
- We'll meet there, won't we ?
- You won't break your promise, will you ?
- Do you promise it ?

Giving promises:
- Yeah, I promise it.
- I won't of course.
- It's a promise.
- I promise it.

Expressing Surprise:
- Really ?
- What a surprise !
- Incredible ! - Unbelievable !

PRACTICE:

Elma : Look Dad, I've been top of my class !
Father: Incredible !
I'll buy you a new mobile phone ! Does that please you ?
Elma : Super ! Do you promise it ?
Father :I promise.
b. Elma : Tom Cruise will attend the Marakech cinema festival !
Leila : Unbelievable !
Elma : I'll try to go and see him.
Leila : Will you take me with you ?
Elma : Sure, I will.

----
Grammar: Future Forms: Will / Going to

a. Yassine is likely to change his plan (it depends/ maybe)
Adil is firmly determined. (already obtained a visa)
b. Adil uses '1'm going to'.
c. Yassine uses 'I will'
We use "going to + verb" when we have already planned and organised a future act.
We use "will + verb" when We talk about a simple future event or volunteer to do something.

3.
a. My friend Melissa and I are going to watch an action film. Would you like to join us ?
b. Lisa is at the grocer's; she is going to buy some milk, some bread, and some coffee
c. John : Wow, it's freezing out there.
Jane: I'll make some coffee to warm us up. Do you want a piece of cake as well.
John : Coffee sounds great! But I'm going to have dinner with some friends later, so I'd better skip the cake.
d. I'm going to visit my brother in Marseilles next year. Maybe I should take a French class.
e. I have a dictionary in the other room. I will get it, and we can check the right spelling of this word.

4.
a. Have you cleaned the car ? Not yet; I'm going to clean it tomorrow. (God Willing)
b. Oh, I've left the door open. I'll go and shut it.
c. I've bought Latifa a new dress, do you think she will like it?
d. What are you going to wear for the party tonight ?
e. Rachid should cut out cigarettes; otherwise, he will have lung cancer.

----
Writing Writing a Personal Letter p 147

April 20th, ....

Dear Nadia,

Previously, I told you about my favourite pastime. Today, I will tell you about my home-town as you wished in your LAST letter.
Well, Menton is situated at the eastern coast of France, with an approximate population of 30.000. It is an ideal destination for tourists from all over THE world, and that is due to several reasons.
To start with, the landscape is beautiful. Wonderiul high trees cover a large area of the town apart from some evergreen gardens WHICH embellish the town center. Besides, the weather is superb the whole year; it is neither hot NOR cold. Moreover, there are a lot of places worth SEEING such as the Roman Church, the museum and the Royal Avenue. All these factors make of Menton a perfect place to spend quiet and enjoyable holidays.
What about your hometown or city ? Are there nice places to see ? What about the weather ? the people ? And so on.
BYE for now,
Julien.

2.
a. ... from Morocco.
b. Menton.
c. The landscape / the weather / the monuments.

3.
May 15th, 2022
Dear Julien

I was delighted to read your letter and learn about the city of Menton, I have never been to France and only see it on TV but your description made me more enthusiastic about visiting your city.
I will talk to you about my hometown of Mohammedia. It is a city on the coast near Casablanca which I'm sure you've heard of because of the famous american movie Casablanca.
Mohammedia is also known for its park, they call the city "the city of flowers" as well as a place in its outskirts called "Dream Village" which has a zoo and a swimming pool with huge slides without forgetting the beautiful mountains surrounding that village. Another great thing about Mohammedia is it is close to the capital of Rabat and the highway which would take you easily too internationally famous cities like Ouerzazate where the famous movie The Last Temptation of Christ peace and prayers of God be upon him which was partly shot in addition to other places in Morocco like Volubilis, Oumnast, Kasbat Ait Benhaddou, and Demnate. This movie was also supported by Michael Jackson God rest his soul who financed the movie and supported it in the his short film BAD in which Michael Jackson defends the film and doesn't call it sacrilegous. It carries dangerous messages about Jesus foretelling the arrival of the final messenger Muhammad peace and prayers of Allah be upon both of them.
I mentioned other places too because maybe you will want to visit those place more than my city because of their fame internationally.
I hope you visit Morocco soon God Willing.
Looking forward to hearing from you.

With my best wishes,
Nadia.

----
REVIEW OF UNITS 9 AND 10 p 150

GRAMMAR

A.
a. Yassine: I am going to visit Marrakech next Monday (God Willing). I have got a job interview there.
Hassan : Really !? My family lives in Marrakech! I will give you my parents' phone number. When you get there, just call them and they will help you go on tour there.
b. Bill : Do you think the Republicans or the Democrats will win the election ? Brian :I think the Republicans (win)..the next election. Jane : No way! The Democrats are going to win the next election
c. Amal : We are going to go to the beach this weekend. We have already rented a house. Would you like to join us ?
Zineb : Great ! But I don't have a swimming suit.
Amal : No problem. I will lend you one.

FUNCTIONS
A.
a. a sick friend.
I wish you weren't sick!
I hope you will get better soon God Willing.
b. a couple who are getting married.
I wish you a blessed married life with blessed children God Willing.
I hope you will have a blessed married life with blessed children God Willing.

c. a person who is going to sit for an exam.
I hope you will pass the exam God Willing.
I wish you success God Willing.

d. some friends who are going on a trip.
I hope you will have a fun trip God Willing.
I wish you a blessed beautiful trip.

B.
a. Ahmed would like to buy a CD, but he doesn't have enough money.
I promise I will buy you the CD God Willing.
b. Najat is too busy to water the flowers in her garden.
I promise to water the flowers in your garden God Willing.
c. Your neighbour isn't free to post a letter.
I promise I will post the letter for you God Willing.
d. Your classmate will be absent tomorrow; he needs your note-book.
I promise I will give you my note-book God Willing. But you have to bring it back before our next class God Willing.

VOCABULARY
A.
a. not as in a diet : destination
b. glue gag : luggage
c. jury one: journey
d. pop stars: passport
e. gasp sneers: passengers

B.
1. Society: a group of people that shares distinctive cultural traits.
2. Democracy: a political system in which the citizens elect their representatives.
3. Declaration: a document whose signatories express their agreement with a set of objectives and principles.
4. Ratification: Acceptance and commitment to a treaty by a country.
5. Starvation: the process of dying due to lack of food.
6. Apartheid: a political policy in South Africa where black South Africans are forbidden to live in areas where white people live.
7. Refugee: person who has left their country because of war, famine or persecution.
8. Discrimination: any distinction, exclusion or preference based on race, colour, sex, language or religion.

1st Year Bac Lessons Ticket to English 2022 (2024)

References

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Virgilio Hermann JD

Last Updated:

Views: 6148

Rating: 4 / 5 (41 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Virgilio Hermann JD

Birthday: 1997-12-21

Address: 6946 Schoen Cove, Sipesshire, MO 55944

Phone: +3763365785260

Job: Accounting Engineer

Hobby: Web surfing, Rafting, Dowsing, Stand-up comedy, Ghost hunting, Swimming, Amateur radio

Introduction: My name is Virgilio Hermann JD, I am a fine, gifted, beautiful, encouraging, kind, talented, zealous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.